Although you can produce really funky shots with a wide-angle lens, few of them tend to find favour with the subjects. Wide-angle lenses make close subjects look much bigger than those that are further away and with a portrait this can mean a big nose, above a receding chin, on a small face with tiny eyes. It's far more flattering to shoot from a little further away and use a longer lens as this will help keep the sitter's facial features in proportion.
While an effective focal length of 50mm or wider lens may be a good choice for an environmental portrait, where the subject is in their workplace, for example, and you're not too close, something a little longer, perhaps around mm, is often regarded as a good choice for head and shoulders shot.
Don't forget, that a 50 mm lens is equivalent to around 75 mm on and an APS-C format SLR, so your standard prime lens can be an excellent choice.
Longer telephoto lenses also work well, although you'll need to stand further away so you need more space to work in. Using a longer lens has the added advantage of restricting depth of field so the background is blurred slightly putting greater emphasis on your subject. SEE MORE 14 portrait photography tips you'll never want to forget 4 classic portrait compositions every photographer should know Best lens for portraits: 5 sensibly priced options tested and rated Try these 4 pro tips for perfectly exposed portraits.
As a general rule the eyes in a portrait image should be sharp. Kristensen used a Nikon D Focal length: An optical measurement that determines how much of what you see in front of you is captured by your camera's lens.
F-stop: This number describes how much light a lens lets in, as well as how much of the frame you want in focus. Exposure time: This is how long the shutter stays open. The longer a shutter is open, the brighter an image will be. But if you leave it open too long, the picture will be washed out.
Conversely, a short exposure will freeze movement, but if there's too little light, the picture will just look dark. ISO: In the old days, this was known as "film speed. Higher ISO means more light sensitivity, but the trade-off is grainier pictures.
You can capture incredible photos. But there are a few common photography mistakes (often made by beginners). Be sure you aren't making these ones. 19 Common Photography Mistakes eBook: Kathy Burns: epanerbe.tk: Kindle Store.
For more detailed explanations of these terms, plus many others, please refer to our camera glossary. We took a shot of the Decker Building in Union Square. Often, in street scenes, amateur photographers will snap a photo of a building with cars and trucks in front of it.
That's not a good idea, because it detracts from the actual subject of the photo the building. Try to position yourself in a way that minimizes obstructions of the subject, and wait a minute for traffic to clear before shooting the photo, Kristensen suggested. Another issue is the lines: Keep them straight and vertical.
Sometimes, a camera lens depending on its focal length will make lines curve a bit. While the fish-eye effect can be used effectively, a slight one can make your picture of spectacular architecture look "off.
Use a millimeter or mm-equivalent lens if you want to avoid distortions. Bonus tip: If you can get to a height where you are even with the middle floors of a building, it can lessen the small distortions caused by wide-angle lenses. We shot some pictures in the Union Square subway station to show what happens in dim fluorescent light.
Again, I had the camera set to auto mode. The motion is visible, but the picture looks as though it were taken with a sepia filter. Kristensen's shot is much lighter.
She noted that, when trying to capture shots in dim light, it's better to use a shorter exposure time because it minimizes the blurring caused by a shaking camera. You crank your ISO up to to deal with the low light. This is such an easy mistake to make.
At the end of each shoot, shift all settings back to a standard value. The particular number depends on your camera and your style of photography. But make sure you choose a median value — one that will serve you in a variety of situations. But you should be shooting in RAW. RAW files allow for you to do more substantial editing. Shooting during the harsh midday hours.
Start by learning the ins and outs of Aperture Priority mode. If you want even more control over your camera, you can transition to Manual mode. Depending on the direction of the light, your photos can be soft, dramatic, or striking.